The Fairchild Aviation Corporation was founded in Farmingdale, New York by Sherman Fairchild in 1925 to produce aircraft suitable for aerial photography. Among his first designs was the five-seat FC-2 (118 built) which was first flown in 1927 powered by a 220hp(163kW) Wright J-5. The FC-2W (14 built) was a more powerful version with a 400hp(298kW) P&W Wasp and with increased wingspan. This was followed by the FC-2W-2, which had a longer fuselage and which could be easily converted from passenger to cargo configuration. One example of the FC-2W-2 is known to be maintained in airworthy condition.